PSM1: Scrum Guide Notes (2023)

PSM1: Scrum Guide Notes (1)

The essence of the Scrum Guide, in question and answer format. I used this for my preparation for the PSM-1 assessment.

Definition of Scrum

1) What is Scrum?

A framework within which people can address complex adaptive problems while creatively and productively delivering products of the highest possible value.

2) What is the Scrum framework?

Scrum Teams and their roles, events, artifacts, and rules.

use of scrum

3) What are the scenarios in which you can use scrum?

a) Research and identify markets, technologies and product capabilities.

b) Develop products and improvements

c) Launch products and improvements

d) Develop and maintain the cloud and other operating environments.

e) Maintain and renew products

f) Develop software, hardware, embedded software, interactive function networks, autonomous vehicles, schools, government, marketing, organization operations management.

4) What is the essence of scrum?

A small team of highly flexible and adaptable people.

Scrum theory

5) What is Scrum based on?

Empiricism or empirical theory of process control.

6) What does empiricism claim?

Knowledge comes from experience and from making decisions based on what is known.

7) What does Scrum do to optimize predictability and control risk?

Scrum adopts an iterative and incremental approach.

8) What are the 3 pillars of empirical process control?

Transparency, inspection and adequacy.


9) What is transparency?

An important aspect of the process must be defined by a common standard so that observers can share a common understanding: Definition of Done.


10) What should be the frequency of a scrum inspection?

Frequent, but not so frequent as to interfere with work.


11) When are adaptations made?

ASAP to avoid further deviations.

12) What are the 4 formal acts of inspection and adaptation?

a) Sprint Planning

b) Daily Meeting

c) Sprint Review

d) Sprint Retrospective

Scrum Values

13) What are the values ​​of scrum?

Commitment, courage, focus, openness and respect.

Scrum Team

14) What is the scrum team made of?

Product Owner, Scrum Master and development team.

15) What are the characteristics of Scrum teams?

Self-organized and multifunctional.

16) What does self-organization mean?

Teams know how best to get their work done rather than being led by others outside of the team.

17) What does cross functional mean?

The team has all the necessary skills to carry out the work without depending on third parties outside the team.

18) What optimizes the team model in scrum?

Flexibility, creativity and productivity.

product owner

19) What is the responsibility of the owner of the product?

a) Maximize the value of the product and development team

b) Manage the product portfolio

20) What does Product Backlog management include?

a) Clearly express the elements of the product portfolio

b) Ensure that the development team understands the elements of the product portfolio

c) Sort the items in the product portfolio

(Video) The Scrum Guide - Audio Version - 2020

d) Ensure that the product portfolio is clear, visible and transparent

e) Optimize the value of the work done by the development team

Development team

21) What are the characteristics of the development team?

a) self-organized

b) Multifunctional

c) Sin subequipos

d) We are subtitles

e) Sharing Collective Responsibility

22) What is the ideal size of the development team?


Scrum Master

23) What is the responsibility of the scrum master?

Support and promote Scrum.

24) What are the characteristics of the Scrum Master?

a) Ensures that the scrum is understood and executed

b) servant leader

c) Maximizes the productivity of the scrum team

d) Helps those outside the team understand which of their interactions are useful

25) What is the service of the Scrum Master to the Product Owner?

a) Product portfolio management techniques

b) Ensure that staff understand the need for clear and concise PBI

c) Make sure the product owner knows how to organize PBIs to maximize value

d) Make sure the team knows how to understand and practice agility

e) Facilitate scrum events as needed.

f) Ensure that the Scrum Team understands the goals, scope, and product domain.

g) Understand product planning in an empirical setting

26) What is the service of the Scrum Master to the development team?

a) Coaching of the development team in self-organization and transversality

b) Elimination of impediments

c) Creation of high-value products

d) Facilitate scrum events as needed.

e) Train development teams in environments where Scrum has not yet been fully adopted or understood.

27) What is the service of the Scrum Master to the organization?

a) Lead and train the organization in the adoption of scrum

b) Planning Scrum implementations within the organization.

c) Help employees and stakeholders understand and implement Scrum and empirical product development.

d) Bring about changes that increase the productivity of the scrum team

e) Work with other Scrum Masters to increase the effectiveness of Scrum.

Scrum Events


28) What are the events in scrum for inspection and adaptation?

Sprint Planning, Scrum Diary, Sprint Review, Sprint Retrospective.

29) Is a sprint an inspection event?

No, the sprint is just a container event.

30) When does a new sprint start?

Immediately after completing the previous sprint.

31) Once a sprint starts

Its duration is fixed and cannot be lengthened or shortened.

32) What does a Sprint contain and what does it consist of?

Sprint planning, daily scrum, development work, sprint review, sprint retrospective.

33) What happens during the sprint?

a) Quality goals do not decrease

b) No changes are made that jeopardize the sprint goal

c) The scope can be clarified and renegotiated between the PO and the development team

34) What happens if the sprint lasts more than a month?

a) The definition of what is being built can change

b) Complexity can increase

c) The risk may increase

35) Who has the authority to cancel a sprint?

The owner of the product.

36) When can a sprint be cancelled?

The sprint goal becomes stale.

37) When does the sprint goal become obsolete?

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a) The company changes address

b) Changes in the market or technology

38) What happens when a sprint is cancelled?

a) The elements of the finished product are reviewed.

b) If it is potentially releasable, the Product Owner accepts it

c) Incomplete GDPs are re-estimated and placed in the backlog

Sprint Planning

39) Who creates the sprint plan?

Scrum Team.

40) What is the sprint planning time frame for a monthly sprint?

Eight hours. For shorter sprints, it's shorter.

41) What does a sprint planning meeting clarify?

a) What can be delivered in the increment in the next sprint?

b) How will the work required to deliver the increment be accomplished?

42) What are the tickets for the sprint planning meeting?

a) Product portfolio

b) Increase

c) Projected capacity

d) Past performance

43) Who determines the number of PBI that will be selected for a sprint?

Development team.

44) Who elaborates the goal of the sprint?

Scrum Team.

45) What is the purpose of the sprint goal?

Provides guidance to the development team on why you are building the increment.

46) What is the Sprint Backlog?

a) PBI for the current sprint

b) The sprint plan

47) What happens at the end of the sprint planning meeting?

a) The work planned for the first few days is often divided into units of one day or less.

b) The development team should be able to explain to the Product Owner and Scrum Master how they intend to work as a self-organizing team to achieve the sprint goal and create the Increment.

Daily meeting

48) What is the time box for a daily meeting?

15 minutes.

49) Why is the daily scrum done at the same place and time?

Consistency reduces complexity.

50) Is the daily scrum structure fixed?

It is not fixed and is defined by the development team.

51) What are the recommended questions for a daily meeting?

a) What did I do yesterday to reach the sprint goal?

b) What will I do today to reach the sprint goal?

c) What are the impediments?

52) Which team is responsible for running the daily scrum?

Development team.

53) Who is responsible for teaching the development team to keep the daily scrum to 15 minutes?

Scrum Master

54) Who participates in the Daily Scrum?

Development team.

55) Who makes sure the daily scrum takes place?

Scrum Master

56) Can other non-members be present at the daily scrum?

They can be present/watch but not participate.

sprint review

57) What is the time frame for a sprint review meeting?

4 hours or less for a monthly sprint.

58) What is the purpose of the sprint review?

Inspect the increase and adapt the product portfolio.

59) What is the role of the scrum master in the sprint review?

a) Make sure the event takes place and that participants understand its purpose

b) Teach everyone to keep it on time.

60) What are the elements of the sprint review?

a) The Product Owner invites the participants, including the Scrum Team and key stakeholders.

b) The Product Owner explains the pending and non-pending items of the Product Backlog

c) The development team discusses what went well, the problems and their resolution.

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d) The development team demonstrates the work done and answers questions about the increment

e) The Product Owner analyzes the product backlog as is and projects the likely target date based on the progress made.

f) The whole group collaborates on what to do next; inputs for post sprint planning

g) Analyze the market, any changes and what is most valuable to do next

h) Review schedule, budget, potential capacities, etc.

61) What is the outcome of the sprint review?

A revised product backlog that defines possible PBIs for the next sprint.

Sprint Retrospective

62) What is the time frame for a sprint retrospective?

3 hours or less for a monthly sprint.

63) Do you define sprint retrospective?

An opportunity for the Scrum Team to inspect itself and create an improvement plan during the next sprint.

64) What does the scrum master guarantee during a sprint retrospective?

a) Participants attend the meeting

b) The meeting is positive and productive

c) The meeting is held within the deadline

65) Who participates as a peer team member in a sprint retrospective?

Scrum Master

66) What is the purpose of the sprint retrospective?

a) Inspect how the last sprint went in terms of people, processes, relationships and tools

b) Identify things that went well and possible improvements.

c) Create a plan to implement the potential improvement

67) What happens at the end of the sprint retrospective?

The Scrum Team identifies improvements to be implemented in the next sprint.

Scrum artifacts

Product Backlog

68) Who is responsible for the accumulation of products?

The product owner.

69) What is the accumulation of products?

a) An ordered list of everything needed for the product

b) It is the sole source of requirements for any changes made to the product.

70) Is the Product Backlog complete?

Never Complete. It exists as long as the product exists.

71) What are the characteristics of the product portfolio?

a) Dynamic

b) Never complete and exists as long as the product exists

c) Living artifact

72) What are the attributes of a product portfolio?

A description


c) Estimate

d) Value

73) What usually includes a Product Backlog?

Test descriptions that will prove their completeness when completed.

74) How many product portfolios can we have for various teams?


75) What can multiple teams working on the same product use?

A product backlog attribute that groups items.

76) What is product portfolio refinement?

The act of adding detail, order, and estimate to items. It is an ongoing process in which the Product Owner and the development team collaborate.

77) What is the time required for refinement in a sprint?

No more than 10% of the capacity of the development team.

78) Who is responsible for the estimates?

Development team.

79) Where are the less detailed items placed in the product backlog?

Items with less detail are placed lower in the order.

80) Which items are "Done" for selection in sprint planning?

Items of the product that the development team can execute in a sprint.

81) Who is responsible for the accumulation of products?

Product owner.

82) Who is responsible for managing the product portfolio?

Product owner.

83) Who can refine the product portfolio?

product owner

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Development team, with the consent of the product owner.

Sprint file

84) What is the Sprint Backlog as an artifact?

A prediction from the development team about what functionality will be done in the next increment and the work required to deliver that functionality.

85) What is in the Sprint Backlog to ensure continuous improvement?

At least one high-priority process improvement identified in the previous retrospective meeting.

86) What is the level of detail in a sprint backlog?

Detailed enough that ongoing changes can be understood in the daily scrum.

87) What do you know about sprint backlog completion?

The Development Team modifies the Sprint Backlog throughout the Sprint, and the Sprint Backlog emerges during the Sprint.

88) Who can make changes to the sprint backlog?

Only the development team can make changes to the sprint backlog.

89) Who is the sole owner of the Sprint Backlog?

Development team.

90) What happens when you need a new job?

The development team adds it to the sprint backlog.


91) What is an increase?

The sum of all PBI completed during a sprint + the value of previous sprint increments.

92) When is an increase made?

a) When is it usable?

b) When it meets the definition of a scrum team in fact

definition of done

93) What are the benefits of a complete definition of fact?

a) Instruct the development team to know how many product items they can select during sprint planning

b) Help people understand when you work on increasing the product.

c) Ensures Transparency

94) What are the factors to consider when formulating a definition of fact?

a) Agreements, standards or guidelines for the organization

b) Definitions of achievements of other teams working on the same product

95) What is the definition of done for multiple teams working on the same product?

Development teams in all scrum teams should mutually define the definition of done

96) Who is responsible for creating the definition of fact?

Development team

measuring progress

Progress towards project goal

97) Who measures the progress towards the goal of the project?

product owner

98) How often do you monitor progress toward the project goal?

At least once every sprint review

99) How to evaluate progress towards a goal?

Track the total work remaining at the end of the sprint review and compare it to the amount of work remaining in previous sprint reviews

100) What is the principle of empiricism?

What will happen is unknown, and what has already happened can be used for forward-looking decision-making.

Progress toward the sprint goal

101) How to measure progress towards the sprint goal?

Track and summarize the total work remaining in the sprint backlog

102) What is the frequency of measuring progress toward the sprint goal?

At least every daily scrum

artifact transparency

103) Who is responsible for ensuring the transparency of the artifact?

Scrum Master

104) What are the consequences of artifacts with incomplete transparency?

a) Decisions can be flawed

b) The value may decrease

c) The risk may increase

105) How can Scrum Master detect incomplete transparency of artifacts?

a) Inspection of artifacts

b) Detection patterns

c) Listen carefully to what is said.

d) Detect the difference between expected and actual results

106) What does the scrum master work on to increase transparency?


b) convince

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c) change


Is reading Scrum guide enough to pass psm? ›

But understanding the scrum guide and not only memorizing it was enough to pass it. - I strongly recommend (like every one else) to keep on doing the open assessment for both Scrum Open and Product Owner until you keep on getting 100% in less than 10 minutes.

How to pass PSM1 in first attempt? ›

Review them again before the assessment, just in case.
  1. Make sure you keep an eye on the clock, the time passes by faster than when doing mock tests. ...
  2. Try to mark for review ONLY questions that you really want to revisit. ...
  3. Be rested and fresh. ...
  4. Rely on your own knowledge. ...
  5. Read the questions out loud or as slow as possible.
Jun 27, 2019

Is the PSM 1 exam hard? ›

It's also important to have the correct resources to go along with this. The Professional Scrum Master (PSM 1) exam is the same way. The PSM Professional Scrum Master I Exam is a challenging exam, but preparation, using the Scrum Guide, and doing the Open Assessments can help you pass it.

How long do I need to study for PSM? ›

Put in the 15–20 hours of prep time, practice, take notes, learn from mock questions, and make sure that you are confident going into the exam.

Is PSM harder than CSM? ›

if we compare both the exams PSM(Professional Scrum TrainerTM) certification exam is much harder as compared to the CSM(Certified Scrum Trainer) exam. and the Level of Training of the CSM has one level only, while the PSM is offered at two-level.

Is psm1 exam open book? ›

One thing to remember is that the test is an open book. You can prepare with the help of PSM prep books, notes, and worksheets provided by certified Agile management training or online resources before sitting for the test.

What is the pass percentage for PSM 1? ›

Though there is no official training required as such for the certification, you need to score a minimum of 85% to pass this exam. In this article, let us take a brief look at how to pass PSM I at the first attempt, the preparation, and tips needed for the same.

How many times can I take PSM 1 exam? ›

There is no limit to how many times you can take an assessment, nor is there a period of time you must wait before making another attempt. Assessment passwords can be purchased on the following pages: Professional Scrum Master (PSM) I, II, and III.

Is PSM easy to pass? ›

In PSM I, the passing criteria are quite tough, as you will have to complete 80 questions and achieve at least 85% (this is not accurately defined by to get the Professional Scrum Master certificate.

Is PSM 1 enough? ›

The PSM 1 Certification does a good job by focusing a lot on the generics of Scrum, so that it can also be used as a generic Scrum training. However, if you are really opting for a Scrum Master role, it would be wise not to stop after the Scrum Master 1 training, but to continue with the PSM 2 and PSM 3.

Can I take PSM exam without training? ›

Register for Professional Scrum Master II Exam

You can attempt this exam without training also. If you think that you are well aware of the concepts and the scrum guide for this exam, you can directly appear for the Professional Scrum Master II Certification Exam.

What should I study for psm1? ›

So, before the exam:
  • Read the Scrum Guide and get really familiar with it. ...
  • Review the Agile glossary for quick definitions of key terms (take attention to Scrum terms)
  • Read all other guides and free materials from Volkerdon Free Resources.
  • Try the Scrum Open assessment until you can score 100%.

Which is more valuable CSM or PSM? ›

In the end, knowledge matters whether it is CSM®️ or PSM™ certification. Both certificates have the same value in the job market. Also, both programs are highly compatible. It is very crucial what you earned during the certification process and the trainer will definitely help you to make the difference there.

Can you retake PSM 1? ›

All students taking APS, PSM or PSPO courses accredited by are entitled to one free attempt at the relevant assessment. grant A 2nd free attempt if the first unsuccessful attempt is within two weeks of the course.

How do I clear my PSM exam? ›

In order to get this certification, you first need to take a two day Scrum alliance training and pass the exam with at least an 80%. This exam is arranged by No official training is required for this certification, but you need to achieve at least an 85% to pass the exam.

Does PSM 1 certification expire? ›

Validity Details

PSM certification has lifelong validity. Certification is awarded by which does not stipulate fulfilment of additional requirements in future for renewal of certification. You need not make any renewal payment too.

Is PSM worth doing? ›

There is no other better way to learn Scrum than a Scrum certification. It helps you learn the fundamentals, Agile principles, and best practices effectively. It will help beginners gain a thorough understanding of the Scrum framework.

Which is better PMP or PSM? ›

The CSM or PSM certification will be more likely to help you the most if you are currently working in agile project management. The PMP certification is an excellent choice if you are interested in handling large projects and big teams looking to solidify your interest and role as a project manager.

How many people are PSM certified? ›

Earning your PSM II Certification will make you part of an elite community of nearly 8,000 PSM II badge holders from around the globe and unlike other Scrum training and certification organizations, your certification will never expire nor require future renewal fees.

Is an open book test cheating? ›

Unless there is a restriction to prevent this, it is not cheating. This really gets to the heart of the matter - if a professor sets an open-book exam, it is incumbent on the professor to set appropriate questions that cannot be answered without understanding the material.

How much does a PSM Scrum make? ›

As of Feb 23, 2023, the average annual pay for a Professional Scrum Master in the United States is $105,533 a year. Just in case you need a simple salary calculator, that works out to be approximately $50.74 an hour. This is the equivalent of $2,029/week or $8,794/month.

Is the PSM 1 proctored? ›

The PSM requires no proctor attending the exam and one can take the test from their home with no one to verify their identity.

How much does it cost to retake PSM exam? ›

The exam is $150 per attempt. Unlimited retakes are available for $150 per attempt. PSM II. The exam costs $250 per attempt.

Is PSM 1 hard reddit? ›

This exam is very close to the real exam in terms of difficulty. I know that some people state that it is easier and I think the reason is because they are taking it multiple times and have it memorized where they do not even have to read the questions to know the answer.

Which is better between CSM and PSM? ›

When it comes to comparison between the CSM or PSM certifications, there is no "better" course. Both courses depend on the individual's expectations and personal goals. The major difference between the Certified Scrum Master- CSM and the Professional Scrum Master-PSM is their basis of certification.

What is the difference between PSM 1 and 2? ›

PSM I focuses on the 'material knowledge', whereas PSM II focuses on the 'practice and real-world situations'. As you'd expect the two certificates do cover different topics. PSM II covers more content and looks at additional areas for Scrum Masters.

What is the most respected Scrum certification? ›

Certified Scrum Professional (CSP)

The Certified Scrum Professional (CSP) is the highest-level certification on the product development track offered by the Scrum Alliance.

Do Scrum Masters make more money? ›

In addition to geography, candidates should take experience into consideration. For example, an entry level Scrum Master job pays an average of $101,087 per year, according to, while a Senior Scrum Master salary runs about $117,062 annually.

Do Scrum Masters make more than project managers? ›

A scrum master earns more than a project manager as of 2021–2022. In California, project managers earn approximately $103,560 a year. Scrum masters, on the other hand, earn $109,161 a year.

What should I study for PSM? ›

10 steps Guide to Studying Community Medicine (PSM) during MBBS
  • The first prof is generally very stressful for new MBBS entrants. ...
  • Start studying from 2nd prof itself. ...
  • Start reading the chapter on 'Concepts in Health and Disease' from standard textbooks (Presumably 'Park & Park', second chapter)

Is PSM hard to pass? ›

In PSM I, the passing criteria are quite tough, as you will have to complete 80 questions and achieve at least 85% (this is not accurately defined by to get the Professional Scrum Master certificate.

What is the pass rate of PSM? ›

91% of exam takers passed PSM II certification with an average score of 94%. (Required: 85%.)

How many attempts are there in psm1? ›

There are no limits to the number of times you can attempt the exam, as long as you pay for it. The allows you to take the PSM I exam at no cost for the first 2 attempts within 14 days after you receive your key. Every attempt after that is charged.

Can I retake PSM 1 exam? ›

Free retakes are only granted to participants of official classes if they take and fail the assessment within a certain time frame. If you did not attend a class, unfortunately, you will not receive a free or discounted retake.


1. PSM 1 | Professional Scrum Master 1 Certification - Preparation, Exam Experience & Tips (Part - 1)
2. The Scrum Guide - Audio Version - 2017
(Agile Games With James)
3. The Scrum Guide 2020 - Audio version / Audiobook - English
(Scrum with Valentine)
4. Scrum PSM I ™ and PSPO I ™ exam tips & live Q&A (webinar recording #1)
(Valentin Despa)
5. PSM I Certification Preparation - Tips & Tricks
(Ajeet S. D.)
6. What is Scrum: An Introduction to the Scrum Framework
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