MLA Works Cited Page: Format Basics Purdue OWL® (2023)

MLA Works Cited Page: Format BasicsPurdue OWL® (1)

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(Video) Purdue OWL: MLA Formatting: List of Works Cited

MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used for writing articles and citing sources in the liberal arts and humanities. This resource has been updated to reflect theMLA manual(9Ised.), includes examples of the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page.

In keeping with MLA style, you should have a works cited page at the end of your research paper. All entries on the Works Cited page must correspond to the works cited in the main text.

ground rules

  • Begin your Works Cited page on a separate page at the end of your research paper. It should have the same 1 inch margins and the same last name and page number as the rest of the work.
  • Label the Works Cited page (do not italicize or enclose the words "Works Cited" in quotation marks) and center the words "Works Cited" at the top of the page.
    • Only the title should be centered. The citation entries themselves should be flush with the left margin.
  • For all citations, include double spaces, but do not omit spaces between entries.
  • Indent the second and following lines of quotations by 0.5 inches to create a hanging indent.
  • Efficiently list source page numbers when needed. When referencing a journal article that appeared on pages 225-250, list the page numbers on your Works Cited page as pages 225-50 (Note: MLA style dictates that you read the first few sentences omit repeating digits In our example: the digit in the hundreds place is repeated in between225 J250, so he omits the 2 from 250 in the quote: pp. 225-50). If the excerpt spans multiple pages, use "pp".Note that the MLA style uses a dash over a page span.
  • If only one side of a print source is used, mark it with the abbreviation "p". before the page number (e.g. p. 157). If a page jump is used, mark it with the abbreviation "pp" before the page number (e.g. pp. 157-68).
  • When citing an article or publication that originally appeared in print but that you retrieved from an online database, you should italicize the name of the online database. You do not need to provide any subscription information other than the database name.
  • For online sources, you must provide a location to show readers where you found the source. Many scientific databases use a DOI (Digital Object Identifier). Use a DOI in your citation if you can; Otherwise, use a URL. Remove "http://" from URLs. The DOI or URL is usually the last element of a citation and must be followed by a period.
  • All cited works end with a period.

New additional ground rules for MLA 2021

New in MLA 2021:

  • applications and databasesThey should only be cited if they are containers for the specific works you are citing, e.g. B. when they are the publishing platforms for the Works in their entirety, and not an intermediary redirecting your access to a source published elsewhere, e.g. B. another platform . For example himphilosophy booksThe app must be specified as a container when using one of its many jobs, as the app contains all of them. However, a PDF article is saved in theLetter boxThe app is published elsewhere, so the app should not be specified as a container.
  • When it is important for your readers to know the name of an author/personpseudonym, stage name or various other names,then you should always quote the best-known form of the author's/personal name. For example, since the author ofAlice in WonderlandHe is better known by his pseudonym, quoteLewis Carrollcontradiction toCharles Dodson(However, Name).
  • Forannotated bibliographies, Annotations should be added at the end of a source/entry, indented 1 inch from the beginning of the entry. Annotations can be written as succinct phrases or complete sentences and are usually no longer than one paragraph.

Large and lower case

  • Capitalize every word in the titles of articles, books, etc., but do not capitalize articles (that, a), prepositions, or conjunctions unless one is the first word of the title or subtitle:Gone with the Wind, The Art of War, Nothing left to lose.
  • Use italics (instead of underlining) for titles of larger works (books, journals) and quotation marks for titles of shorter works (poems, articles).

List of author names

Entries are listed alphabetically by author's surname (or editor's name for entire edited collections). Authors' names are written last name first, then first name, and then middle name or middle initial if appropriate:

Burke, Kenneth

(Video) MLA Style: List of Works Cited (8th Ed., 2016)

Levy, David M.

WallaceDavid Foster

NOList titles (Dr., Sir, Saint, etc.) or degrees (PhD, MA, DDS, etc.) by name. A book listing an author named "John Bigbrain, PhD" appears simply as "Bigbrain, John". However, add suffixes like "Jr." or "II." All together, a work by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. may be cited as "King, Martin Luther, Jr." Here the suffix after the first or middle name and a comma.

More than one work by one author

If you have cited more than one work by a particular author, sort the entries alphabetically by title, using three hyphens after the first for each entry instead of the author's name:

Burke, Kenneth.A grammar of motives. [...]

(Video) Purdue OWL: MLA Formatting - The Basics

---.A rhetoric of motives. [...]

If an author or editor is listed in a collection as the sole author of a text and the first author of a group, list single-author entries first:

Heller, Steven, Ed.The training of an electronics designer.

Heller, Steven, and Karen Pomeroy.Design Skills: Understand graphic design.

Work without a known author

Arrange works without a named author alphabetically; Use an abbreviated version of the title in parentheses in your work. In this case, Boring Postcards USA has no known author:

(Video) Using the Purdue/Owl Citation Generator

Baudrillard, Jean.exercises and simulations[...]

Bored USA postcards[...]

Burke, Kenneth.A rhetoric of motives. [...]

Work of an author with a pseudonym or artistic name

New to the 9th edition of the MLA, there are now steps for citing the work of an author or authors using a pseudonym, artist name, or other name.

If the person you are quoting is well known, cite the most common form of the author's name. There for exampleLewis Carrollesnot just a pseudonymCharles Dodson, but also the most common form of the author's name, quote the first name as opposed to the second.

(Video) Walk-Through of OWL Purdue's Works Cited, In-text Citation, and MLA guide

If the author's real name is less well known than her pen name, cite the author's pen name in square brackets after her real name citation: "Christie, Agatha [Mary Westmacott]."

Authors who have published multiple works under many names may only be cited under one form of the author's name. If the form of the name you wish to quote differs from that which appears in the author's work, place it in square brackets after an italic letter. published as: „Irving, Washington [published as Knickerbocker, Diedrich].

Another acceptable option, in cases where there are only two forms of the author's name, is to cite both forms of the author's name as separate entries, along with cross-references in square brackets: "Eliot, George [See alsoEvans, MariaAna].


What is the format for a Works cited page in MLA format? ›

According to MLA format guidelines, the Works Cited page(s) should look like this:
  1. Running head containing your surname and the page number.
  2. The title, Works Cited, centered and in plain text.
  3. List of sources alphabetized by the author's surname.
  4. Left-aligned.
  5. Double-spaced.
  6. 1-inch margins.
Jun 7, 2021

How do you MLA cite a page? ›

MLA in-text citation style uses the author's last name and the page number from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken, for example: (Smith 163). If the source does not use page numbers, do not include a number in the parenthetical citation: (Smith).

How do you cite sources in Purdue owl? ›

For all online scholarly journals, provide the author(s) name(s), the name of the article in quotation marks, the title of the publication in italics, all volume and issue numbers, and the year of publication. Include a DOI if available, otherwise provide a URL or permalink to help readers locate the source.

How do you cite a page example? ›

The in-text citation lists the author's last name and the year.
Citing a website in APA Style.
APA formatAuthor last name, Initials. (Year, Month Day). Page title. Website Name. URL
APA in-text citation(Brice, 2021, para. 6)
1 more row
Mar 5, 2021

What is the easiest way to cite MLA? ›

An online article in an MLA works cited page needs to follow this format: Author's Last name, First name. "Article Title." Online Publication Title, day month year, URL. Accessed day month year.

How is a works cited page arranged? ›

In general, works cited lists are arranged alphabetically by the author's last name. If the author is unknown, entries are alphabetized by the first word in their titles (note, however, to drop A, An, or The). Titles of books, periodicals, newspapers, and films are italicized.

What is the best MLA citation generator? ›

BibGuru is the best bibliography and citation generator. With BibGuru, you can quickly add all the sources for your paper and make citations in APA, MLA, Harvard, Chicago, and thousands of other citation styles.

How do you cite a source in a document MLA? ›

Open a document in Google Docs and click Tools. Citations. In the sidebar, select your formatting style from MLA, APA, or Chicago Author-Date.

What does the MLA style of in text citation contain? ›

In-text citations generally contain the author's last name (surname) and page location of cited material placed within parentheses at the end of a sentence.

How do you cite a full page? ›

Here are some examples:
  1. Entire Website, No Author. Website Name. ( Year). Retrieved From URL. ...
  2. Entire Website with Author. Author Lastname, First Initials. ( Year). ...
  3. Page Within a Website with Author. Author Lastname, First Initials. ( Year). ...
  4. Page Within a Website, No Author, No Date. Page Title (n.d.). Retrieved from URL.
Jan 5, 2023

How do you indent on MLA works cited? ›

In terms of what hanging indents look like, it's five spaces or 1/2 inch from the left margin. Therefore, the first line of your citation lines up with the left margin, and every other line is indented. You can create hanging indents by doing a manual return and hitting the space bar five times for each citation.

What comes first in an MLA citation? ›

In most cases, the first word will be the author's last name. Where the author is unknown, alphabetize by the first word in the title, ignoring the words a, an, the. For each author, give the last name followed by a comma and the first name followed by a period.

What should we not cite in MLA? ›

In general, if it's your words, your opinion, your photo, or your graph, of course, you don't need to cite it. HOWEVER, if you are using information from one of your own previously published works (journal article, book chapter, etc.), you MUST cite it just as you would cite another author's work.

Does MLA format have a works cited page? ›

What is an MLA Works Cited page? A Works Cited page is a formatted list of all sources you cited within your paper. Any time you quote, paraphrase, summarize, or include information that you've read from an outside source, you must include that source in your references list, correctly formatted in MLA style.

What format is works cited? ›

An MLA works cited looks like a list of citations for all the references used in the body of the paper. Each different in-text citation corresponds with a citation in the reference list. The MLA format citations use the core elements system so each different citation type is unique.

How is a MLA essay and works cited page spaced? ›

All works cited entries should be double-spaced but should not skip spaces between entries. The first line of each entry is aligned along the left-hand margin, but all subsequent lines use a hanging indent. Entries appear in alphabetical order according to the author's last name.


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